Pears were first cultivated more than 4,000 years ago. Nowadays they are grown in the temperate regions, all over the world. There are thousands of pearcultivars (cultivated varieties).
Both pear and apples belong to the rose family, Rosaceae and are both Pome fruits. The pear skin is a good source of dietary fibre but pears have a much shorter shelf life than apples. Pear trees can live up to 75 (-100) years.
The main producers are China, USA, Argentina, Italy and Turkey. In the USA, 95% of the pear grown, is in California, Oregon and Washington states.Continue reading →
Peach and nectarine are the same species that are commercially sold as different fruits.They are nearly alike in size, texture and colour, but peaches have a characteristic fuzzy skin and nectarines have a shiny and smooth skin.The fuzz on peaches is due to the presence of hairs botanically known as trichomes. Since consumers do not like the fuzz, commercially grown peaches are mechanically brushed after harvest to remove the fuzz. You can find real fuzzy peaches at the farmers markets and roadside stands.
Several genetic studies have concluded that nectarines are produced from a recessive gene and the fuzzy peach from a dominant gene (allele). Nectarines have also, arisen, many times from peach trees, often as bud sports. Nectarine and peach trees are virtually indistinguishable.Continue reading →
Ambrosia apple was discovered by Wilfred Mennel and his wife Sally as a chance seedling, amongst a row of Jonagold apples, in their orchard in Similkameen Valley of British Columbia, Canada.
The chance seedling flourished into a healthy apple tree, and in the early 1990’s, it bore its first fruit. The fruits were so attractive and delicious, so Wilfred Mennel named the apple, Ambrosia, which in Greek mythology means “food of the gods.
The Mennell family, decided to produce more of the fruit and in 1993, with the help of the Okanagan Plant Improvement Corporation (PICO), the Mennells registered the apple and took it to market. Today Ambrosia apples are grown by farmers in North America, Europe, Chile and New Zealand and are available in stores worldwide.
There are over 1,000 varieties of bananas but only about 500 are edible and only about 20 varieties are grown commercially. Cavendish bananaentered mass commercial production in 1903but did not gain prominence until Panama disease attacked the dominant banana cultivar, Gros Michel(“Big Mike”) in the 1950s.
Cavendish bananas were named after William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire. They are a subgroup of the species Musa acuminata. This subgroup includes several common cultivars like ‘Dwarf Cavendish’, ‘Extra Dwarf Cavendish’, ‘Grande Naine’ and ‘Giant Cavendish’, just to mention a few.
‘Grand Nain’ banana (also spelled ‘Grande Naine’) is one of the most commonly, commercially cultivated cavendish cultivar. (see photo above).