A chipotle or chilpotle, is a smoke-dried red Jalapeño pepper used for seasoning.
The ripe red Jalapeño peppers are picked at the end of the season, when there have lost much of he moisture, then they are smoke-dried for several days. In the end, they more or less have a texture like prunes or raisins. Their skin becomes wrinkled and dark brown. They have a mildly spicy, smoky and earthy flavour and the skin is quite thick.
In Mexico the chili (chilli) varieties used to make Chipotle are called Morito. (WIKI)
You can also buy canned chipotles in adobo sauce (a tomato-based sauce), chipotle paste, chipotle sauce or Chipotle powder.
The word ‘chipotle’ is believed to come from the Nahuatl word, “chilpotle,” which means “smoked chili pepper.” (Huffington Post).
Use of Chipotle
They are used in Mexican, Tex-mex and southwestern cuisines. (WIKI)
Chipotle can be ground and mixed with other spices to make a meat marinade called adobo.
Ground chipotle is used as an ingredient in spice mixes and sauces.
Whole chipotle is used in dishes that requite slow cooking like stews or soups or in braising. meats. The dried peppers are rehydrated in hot water before being used in a dish.