What is Bergamot Essential Oil?

Oil of Bergamot

A bergamot orange from Calabria, Italy, By Flickr user: Xenocryst @ Antares Scorpii, (Flickr) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
Bergamot oil is a cold pressed essential oil extracted from the rind or peel of Bergamot orange. It’s colour is green to greenish yellow. It’s also referred to as “Oil of Bergamot”

It’s a highly complex mixture of organic substances like the terpenes, esters, alcohols and aldehydes, with 95% volatile fraction. The non-volatile fraction is composed of about 21% Bergamottin.

The most important qualitative components of the volatile fraction of the Bergamot oil are Linalyl acetate and Linalool and the most important quantitative component is Limone which comprises 37% of the oil.

Essential oils are volatile oils that give plants their characteristic odours and are used especially in perfumes and flavourings, and for aromatherapy. A good example is eucalyptus, lavender, peppermint or rosemary.

By io [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Use of Bergamot Oil

Bergamot oil is a major component in Eau de Cologne, from Cologne, Germany and also a major component of various perfumes. It’s also popular in Aromatherapy.

Oil of Bergamot is also used to flavour the famous, Earl Grey tea, and Lady Grey tea. Also used in the food and confectionary industry. It’s an ingredient in Turkish delight and puddings.

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Author: Liz

I love everything food: eating, cooking, baking and travelling. I also love photography and nature.

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