Capsicum annum L.

Chilli Pepper

Capsicum annum L myfavouritepastime.comCommon names: Cayenne, Bell pepper, Paprika pepper; Americans call it chili, Spanish (chile) and British (chilli)

Capsicum annum  has the highest diversity of shapes. It has two main groups of peppers, the sweet ones like Bell Pepper and Paprika and the hot ones like Jalapeño and Serrano.


Chilli pepper is used extensively in Indian, Thai, Korean, Chinese, Latin American and African cuisines for curries, stews, soups, sauces, salads, stir-fries etc

Capsicum annum L

Common Cultivars and Scoville Heat Units (SHS)

Hot Peppers

  • Numex (30,000-50,000),
  • Cayenne (30,000-50,000),
  • Chile de árbol (50,000-65,000),
  • New Mexico Chili (0-70,000),

Medium Hot Peppers

  • Hungarian wax pepper (1,000-15,000),
  • Jalapeno (2,500-10,000),
  • Peter Pepper (10,000-23,000),
  • Serrano (10,000-25,000)

Mild to sweet peppers:

  • Paprika, Bell Pepper, Poblano (1,000-1,500),
  • Cubanelle or Cuban Pepper (1000),
  • Banana pepper (0-500),
  • Pimento (cherry pepper) low rating,
  • Anaheim (500-5,000)

Aesthetic Peppers

There are also a few aesthetic peppers like the Bolivian Rainbow, and the Black Pearlbred by the US National Herbarium.

What is the Scoville Scale?

The amount of heat in hot pepper is measured by the Scoville scale, which measures the pungency (spicy heat) of chilli peppers, recorded in Scoville heat units. The units range from 0 (Bell pepper); 100-900 (Paprika, Pimento); 3,500-10,000 (Chipotle, Jalapeño); 30,000-50,000 (Cayenne, Tabasco), 100,000-350,000 (Habanero, Scotch bonnet) to 2,000,200 (Carolina Reaper).

Author: Liz

I love everything food: eating, cooking, baking and travelling. I also love photography and nature.

3 thoughts

    1. I use pepper every single day to cook everything: freshly ground black pepper, dried chilli flakes, Jalapeño, Tabasco sauce, and of course the famous bell peppers. They’re loaded with vitamin C. The best source of vitamin C, ever. Have a great week!

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