Tofu is also called bean curd or soy curd. It’s a soft to firm, bland, creamy white cheese-like block made from curdled soy bean (soya bean) milk. The milk is popularly known as soy milk.
How is Tofu Made?
Soy beans are ground in water to produce soy milk. The milk is coagulated using either calcium or magnesium sulphate. If it’s coagulated with calcium, it produces a product with high calcium content and if it’s coagulated with magnesium it produces a product with high magnesium content. Other soy bean products include Tempeh and and Miso.
What does it look like?
Tofu is white or cream in colour and quite bland in flavour, unlike cheese. The texture can be soft (silken) or firm. It’s usually sold in small blocks, but bulk tofu is also available.
If you buy bulk tofu, you should rinse it and place it in the fridge, in a container filled with cold water and change the water daily.
How is Tofu cooked?
Tofu is mainly used in vegetarian cooking and is a common ingredient in Asian cooking. it readily absorbs other flavours and can be cooked in many different ways. It can be used in sweet or savoury cooking.
It’s best marinated before cooking or best cooked in a sauce, because it’s bland.
It can be stir-fried, broiled, grilled, pan-fried, boiled, sautéed or baked. It can be cooked in stews and soups or added to salads.
Tofu can also be puréed and used to make dips, spreads, salad dressings, cheesecakes and smoothies or shakes.
It can be mashed and used to substitute cottage cheese, ricotta or even ground beef.
100g (3.5oz) serving of uncooked Tofu has about 120-145 calories, 7-9g fat and 8-15g protein and 3-4g carbohydrates. it’s low in saturated fats and is cholesterol free.
It’s also is high in, calcium or magnesium, and Iron.
Please read the label of your product.