The word “Teriyaki‘ actually describes a cooking method used to make any grilled, broiled, or pan-fried food with a shining glaze. The glaze, commonly referred to as Teriyaki sauce is mixture of soy sauce, sake, mirin and sugar.
The original authentic teriyaki sauce used by Japanese cooks to make Teriyaki is made up of four basic ingredients, soy sauce, mirin, sake and sugar. They make it at home.
Commercial teriyaki sauce is made of soy sauce, spices and other ingredients, usually wine or alcohol (instead of mirin, or saké), corn syrup (instead of sugar), vinegar, garlic powder or onion powder, artificial flavour, caramel colour. Commercial sauces are also preserved with sodium benzoate or potassium sorbate.
‘Teriyaki sauce’ can also be made at home but ingredients vary from cook to cook. Most home made sauces contain soy sauce; a sweetening agent like sugar or honey; an acidic ingredient like vinegar, lemon, pineapple juice, or orange juice, which substitutes the sake or mirin; hot ingredients like jalapeño pepper or red pepper flakes; thickening agent like cornstarch; water and green onions, ginger, garlic, sesame seed and sesame oil. There are hundreds of recipes on Pinterest.
Here are the ingredients in T&T commercially produced Teriyaki Marinade and Sauce:
Soy Sauce (water, soy bean, salt, wheat flour); Sake (water rice, yeast, maltogenic amylase); Water; Sugar; Salt, Alcohol, Caramel Colour, Citric Acid, Potassium Sorbate, Artificial Flavour, Disoodium 5’Ribonucleotide. May contain: peanut, sesame, milk, eggs, fish, crustaceans, sulphites.