What is Table Salt?

Table salt is also called common salt.

Table salt is mined from underground salt deposits. It’s composed primarily of Sodium Chloride (NaCl). The sodium and chloride occur in equal proportions. Our bodies need a small amount of sodium to be healthy.

Since salt mined naturally, it has to be processed to remove other minerals and any impurities that may occur.

Table salt is fine grained and looks like fine sea salt. It usually contains anti-caking agents like sodium aluminosilicate, sodium ferrocyanide, or magnesium carbonate to make it free flowing and avoid clumping.

Most table salt also contain iodine, in form of potassium iodide. Iodine is an essential nutrient that helps maintain healthy thyroid glands. Table salt with iodine is called iodized (iodised) salt.

How much Sodium should you consume in a day?

Sodium is an essential nutrient found in salt and many foods. Our bodies need a small amount of sodium to be healthy. Canadians eat about 3400mg (3.4g) of sodium each day (about 1¼ teaspoon of salt).

Heath canada recommends not more than 2300mg/day for adults 14-50; 1300mg/day for adults 51-70 and 1200mg/day for adults over 70. (2.3g/1.3g (Health Canada). The upper limit of 2300mg is equivalent to about 5g (1 teaspoon) of salt per day.

Other than the food you cook in your own house. Salt is found in most of the processed foods that we eat or use. It’s added for flavour and as a preservative.

Foods that contain salt include canned foods such as tomatoes, soups; snacks such as french fries and fried chicken; cooking sauces such as soy sauce, pasta sauces or salad dressings; fried or roasted nuts; processed meats like sausages; cold cuts like ham, bologna; pre-packaged foods; pizzas, and oh the list is endless.


Author: Liz

I love everything food: eating, cooking, baking and travelling. I also love photography and nature.

4 thoughts

  1. Because cretinism remains a problem in some countries and iodine deficiency continues to exist in countries like Australia in part, because of the mistaken belief that ‘exotic’ rock salts are better, I only use iodised salt for cooking.

    1. I also use iodized salt for cooking because it’s the best way of getting the required iodine. We learnt that in high school. Have a great week, ahead.

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