Brassica oleracea, Capitata group
Savoy cabbage features heavily wrinkled and crinkled leaves, more like savoy spinach. Although the leaves are crinkled, they are very tender, compared to green or red cabbages and have a yellowish-green, blue-green or deep green colour, depending on the variety. Savoy cabbage heads are usually less compact, somewhat flattened, round or drumhead shaped.
Hundreds of cultivars of headed cabbage are grown worldwide. Popular cultivars of savoy cabbage include: Chieftain Savoy and Drumhead Savoy.
Nutrition: Savoy cabbage has significant amounts of beta carotene, B Vitamins, Vitamin C and K.
Storage: Firm Savoy cabbage will keep in a cool, dark place for up to one week.
The flavour of savoy cabbage is milder, sweeter and more delicate. It’s a good choice for salads, vegetable wraps, roulades and also a good choice for cooking. It pairs well with meat, red wine, spices and apples. It can also be used in stews and soups.
Savoy Cabbage is a winter cabbage, available all year round with peaks in September to March in North America.
Grouping of Brassica oleracea cultivars
Cultivars of Brassica oleracea are usually grouped by developmental form into seven major cultivar groups.
- Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group-includes leafy greens like kale, collard greens, Marrow Stem Kale, Palm Tree Kale, Portuguese Kale, Thousand Headed Kale. These cultivars look more like the wild cabbage in appearance.
- Brassica oleracea, Alboglabra Group: includes one variety, Chinese broccoli (kai-lan or Chinese Kale)
- Brassica oleracea Botrytis Group-Cauliflower, Romanesco broccoli, broccoflower
- Brassica oleracea Capitata group: cabbage
- Brassica oleracea Gemmifera Group: Brussels sprouts
- Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group– Kohlrabi (German turnip or turnip cabbage)
- Brassica oleracea Italica Group-broccoli