Lemon

Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F

 ‘Lisbon’ Lemon myfavouritepastime.com_3671Lemon is a native to Asia whose origin is unknown. It’s cultivated in many sub-tropical countries buthe main producing countries are USA, Italy, Spain, Greece, Lebanon, South Africa and Australia.

The lemon is a probable hybrid between Citrus aurantium (bitter orange) and Citrus medica (Citron) and has many cultivars but the most common supermarket lemon in North America is “Eureka” which produces fruits all the year round. Eureka is also known as four seasons.
Eureka lemons are distinguished by a short neck at the base of the stem. They may have a few seeds and a somewhat medium thick and pitted skin.

 ‘Lisbon’ Lemon myfavouritepastime.com_6135The other common type is called Lisbon. Lisbons, taper to a pointed nipple at the apex, are commonly seedless and have a smoother, medium thick skin.

The other cultivar, the Femminello St. Teresa or “sorrento”, a native of Italy, is rich in essential oils and is traditionally used in making limoncelllo, a liqueur.

Nutritional value

Lemon is a rich source of vitamin C and 100g (3.5oz) serving provides 64% of the RDA.

Use of Lemon

  • Lemon juice is a key ingredient in beverages like lemonade, and also used in soft drinks and cocktails.
  • The juice can also be used as a marinade for fish and meats because the acid partly hydrolyzes tough collagen fibres and tenderizes the meat.
  • Also used in salad dressings where it acts as an antioxidant as well as imparting an acid flavour.
  • Lemon juice can also be used to stop discolouration or browning of cut fruits like apples, bananas and avocados. (photo of avocado probably)
  • Juice and rind can be used to make marmalade
  • Flavouring of drinks like the orange liqueur.

Cooking

Featured Mixed Fruit Loaf myfavouritepastime.com_8930_3

  • Candied peel is added to fruit cakes and other baked goods.
  • Rind or zest of lemon is used in baking or added to foods like rice, soups and sauces.
  • Lemon is a key ingredient in Lemon meringue pie.

Other uses

Lemon juice has 5-6% citric acid and can therefore be used as an effective bactericide.
Lemon juice can be used to extract Pectin.
Essential oils, extracted from rind, leaves, flowers and unripe fruits are used in the perfume and cosmetic industry and to scent household cleaning products and Pot-pourri.

Lemon seed oil

used in the production of soap, shampoo and detergents.

4 thoughts on “Lemon

    1. Hi,
      I have missed you,
      and your blog too….and those lovely photos,
      and food and fun and laughter. Thanks for stopping by
      Virtual Hugs,
      Liz

Please join the conversation.....

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s