Capsicum chinense Jacq.
Common Names: The yellow Emperor Chilli
This is a cultivar of the aromatic hot pepper, Capsicum chinense.
It’s mainly grown in the southwest and southeast of Hainan Island off the coast of Southern China.
This hot chilli matures to a bright yellow colour and is about 5 cm (2.0 inch) long and 3.12 cm (1.23 inch) wide.
Most Hainan yellow lantern chilli is processed into hot sauces. Most of the sauces are just called Hainan Yellow Chilli sauce. There are many brands, mainly made in China.
What is the Scoville Scale?
The amount of heat in hot pepper is measured by the Scoville scale, which measures the pungency (spicy heat) of chilli peppers, recorded in Scoville heat units. The units range from 0 (Bell pepper); 100-900 (Paprika, Pimento); 3,500-10,000 (Chipotle, Jalapeño); 30,000-50,000 (Cayenne, Tabasco), 100,000-350,000 (Habanero, Scotch bonnet) to 2,000,200 (Carolina Reaper).