The Wild Cabbage
They all belong to the cabbage family Cruciferae (Brassicaceae) along with Brassica rapa (turnip, Chinese cabbage). and, Brassica napus (rapeseed.).
They are rich sources of glucosinolates, sulfur-containing compounds that impart a characteristic pungent aroma when they are cut or cooked.
Brassica oleracea originated in northern Mediterranean and western Europe.
Why you should eat cruciferous vegetables
- Several studies report that a diet rich in cruciferous vegetables is linked to reduced risk of several human cancers.
- Green leafy vegetables like kale are rich in beta carotene, vitamin C and are also a good source of fibre and minerals.
- Fresh collard green, kale and mustard greens have about as much calcium as whole milk.
- Tip: most of the green leafy vegetables can be eaten raw, when young and tender, but as they mature and become strongly flavoured, brief cooking is encouraged.
3. Botrytis Group-Cauliflower, Romanesco broccoli, broccoflower
4. Capitata Group, cabbage
5. Gemmifera Group: Brussels sprouts
6. Gongylodes Group– Kohlrabi (German turnip or turnip cabbage)
7. Italica Group-Broccoli
Grouping of Brassica oleracea cultivars
Cultivars of Brassica oleracea are usually grouped by developmental form into seven major cultivar groups.
- Brassica oleracea, Acephala Group-includes leafy greens like kale, collard greens, Marrow Stem Kale, Palm Tree Kale, Portuguese Kale, Thousand Headed Kale. These cultivars look more like the wild cabbage in appearance.
- Brassica oleracea, Alboglabra Group: includes one variety, Chinese broccoli (kai-lan or Chinese Kale)
- Brassica oleracea Botrytis Group-Cauliflower, Romanesco broccoli, broccoflower
- Brassica oleracea Capitata group: cabbage
- Brassica oleracea Gemmifera Group: Brussels sprouts
- Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group– Kohlrabi (German turnip or turnip cabbage)
- Brassica oleracea Italica Group-broccoli
myfavouritepastime.com Last Updated: March 8, 2018